Aluminium (or aluminum; see different endings) is a chemical element in the boron group with symbol Al and atomic number 13. It is a silvery-white, soft, nonmagnetic, ductile metal. Aluminium is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and the most abundant metal, in the Earth's crust. It makes up about 8% by mass of the crust, though it is less common in the mantle below. Aluminium metal is so chemically reactive that native specimens are rare and limited to extreme reducing environments. Instead, it is found combined in over 270 different minerals. The chief ore of aluminium is bauxite.
Aluminium is remarkable for the metal's low density and for its ability to resist corrosion due to the phenomenon of passivation. Structural components made from aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and are important in other areas of transportation and structural materials, such as building facades and window frames. The most useful compounds of aluminium, at least on a weight basis, are the oxides and sulfates.
Aluminium is the name of a music project based upon an orchestral reworking of the music of the band The White Stripes. Its members are Richard Russell and Joby Talbot. Jack White, of the White Stripes, has endorsed the project.
Rob Jones has also produced an exhibition of artwork based on the album.
Ten images based upon the album, as well as a series of other White Stripes and Raconteurs artwork, all by Rob Jones, were displayed at the Richard Goodall Gallery in Manchester in Autumn 2006. In the 999 LP editions of the album there are 10 inch square sections of a silk print by Rob Jones in each sleeve.
The album, of orchestral music, was originally conceived by Richard Russell and Joby Talbot. After working on some tracks - including "Aluminium" (the White Stripes' original from the album White Blood Cells retained the American spelling "Aluminum") and "I'm Bound to Pack it Up" - they presented the work to the White Stripes in Cincinnati.
Following White's penchant for the number "3", only 3,333 copies of the CD version have been produced, along with 999 LPs. In addition to this, the album is available on unlimited download. The album was available for pre-order on November 6, 2006 and fully released on November 13.
Aluminium may also refer to: